Nowadays pollution is increasing day by day in our environment. To reduce the emission of greenhouse gas the whole world has started promoting electric cars instead of diesel or petrol cars. An electric car is not only responsible for reducing pollution but also it will reduce the use of nonrenewable energy sources. If we talk about the electric car industry in India then there are number of manufacturing company available.
First, come to the point how an electric car works?
Electric car is propelled by the help of electric motors. The number of electric motors can be one or greater than one. First of all the car is charged through the electric plug. As the charging starts, the energy starts storing in the battery inside the car. The battery is the main thing that is responsible for the movement of the vehicle.
The Indian electric car market was valued at $71.1 million in 2017 and it is assuming that it will reach $707.4 million in 2025.
There are three categories of electric car market in India-
• Battery electric vehicle
• Plug-in Hybrid electric vehicle
• Hybrid electric vehicle
The battery electric vehicle has the highest contribution (Approx 70%) in the Indian market. Maharashtra is the highest seller of electric cars in India.
National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020 is going to be launch in 2020 by the Indian government. The main motto of this campaign is to address about the National energy security, pollution generated by vehicles. The government of India is also planning for a major upliftment in the electric car industries by 2030. Indian app transportation network company ‘OLA’ and Indian car manufacturer companies like Reva electric car company are working on for making electric cars more common and popular among the public over the next two decades.
Now come to the list of best electric car and electric car companies available in India
• Mahindra eVarito
Mahindra eVarito is an modified electric version of the Verito sedan. It is powered with a 31KW motor and a 69 cell 13.91 Kwhr lithium-ion battery. If we talk about the time taken by the chargin of battery then it will take almost 8 hours and 30 minutes. If you go for the fast charger then it will take one and a half hour for 80% of charging. It is currently available in Four variants C2, D2, D4 and D6. It will accelerate from 0-60 kmph in 10.7 seconds. It has a top speed of 86kmph. It is one of the best electric cars available in India.
Mahindra eVarito electric car price- 9,30,000-10,00,000 rupees
Mahindra e2o is powered by a 19 KW motor and a 48 cell 11 KWhr lithium-ion battery. Mahindra claims that with a single charge it will go upto 110 km. If you run out of charge in the middle of a journey then this car will give you an additional 5 Km extension.
The battery will take around 6 hours for a complete charging. But if you purchase a separate 10KW 3phase 32ampere charger then it will take just one to one and a half hour to full charge. It is available in 3 variants P4, P6 and P8. It can accelerate from 0-60 kmph in just 14.2 seconds. It has a top speed of 80kmph.
Mahindra e2o price- 7,00,000-11,00,000 rupees
Upcoming electric cars in India
• Tata Tigor Electric
After successful market of Tata Tigor, Tata is going to launch its electrical version in the market. Tata Tigor electric will be powered by a 29.8 KW motor and it will go upto 100km in a single charge. Currently, Tata is selling this car to the government at a price of 10.5 lacs. But when it will be available in the market it is assuming that its price will be hiked due to GST.
• Audi A3 e-tron
Audi A3 e-tron will soon be available in the market. This car will accelerate from 0-100 Kmph in just 4.5 seconds. And it is also assuming that it will go upto 500 kilometers on a full charge. An extremely sport lines, expansive panels and a tapering rear makes it attractive and the best electric cars in the Indian market. It is assuming that it will be laung in 2020.
Audi A3 e-tron Price- Approx 1.5crore rupees
• Mahindra eKuv
Mahindra is the leading brand in the list of electric car companies available in India. Mahindra eKuv will be powered by 30Kw motors. The same motors has been used in the Mahindra eVarito. It is assuming that it will go around 140 Km in a full charge. It is also predicted that Mahindra will launch this car in last of 2019
Expected Mahindra eKuv price- 8,00,000 rupees
• Nissan Leaf
Nissan Leaf is the most awaited electric car in the Indian market. After successful marketing in America and Japan, it is expected that it will be launch in India by 2020. It will be equipped with 40 KWph battery and it will go upto 400 km in a single charge. It will take 8-10 hours in a full charging. And if you buy a separate charger then it will charge upto 80% in just 40 minutes.
It is also equipped with a new aerodynamic design that will improve the driving dynamics of the car.
Nissan Leaf price- 35 lacs to 40 lacs
Now come to the pros and cons of electric car
Pros of Electric cars
• It reduces the local air pollution by reducing the emission of green house gas.
• It reduces the use of non-renewable energy sources like diesel and petrol.
• Electric vehicles are more efficient as compared to the Diesel and Petro (internal combustion )vehicles.
• Maintenance of electric cars are less expensive and less frequent that means you don’t need to go for its maintenance as you go in the diesel and petrol engine car.
• Many countries credit tax for using a electric vehicle because it reduces the environment pollution.
Cons of electric vehicle
• The main disadvantage of an electric vehicle is related to its shorter range of drive. Maximum car provides you only a trip of 200km on a full charge
• Recharging can take more time. As most of the car usually take 7 hours for a full charge so it is another biggest cons.
• The availability of charging station is very less.
Apart from these cons, electric cars in India would be very much advantageous in order to reduce pollution.
The government is also promoting the use of electric vehicles by introducing electric busses in Delhi, E-rickshaw in many cities and electrification of all the railway tracks.
So we should also promote it and make it popular in our society.